The Los Reales de Sierra Bermeja Natural Site has a surface area of 1,236 hectares. It is located in the local authorities of Casares, Estepona and Genalguacil in the province of Malaga. It was declared a natural site by means of Law 2/1989 18 July Approving the Inventory of Protected Natural Areas in Andalusia and Establishing Additional Protection Measures (Official Gazette of Andalusia no. 60 of 27/07/1989).
It is also a Special Protection Area for birds (SPA 2002) and has been proposed as a Site of Community Interest (SCI). This site is of great interest due to its flora, as it contains many endemic species, especially the Spanish fir (Abies pinsapo), known locally as the "pinsapo". The maritime pine, the common juniper, the cork oak and the Kermes oak are among some of the other species of flora to be found in the site. Its fauna includes birds of prey like the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) and the Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo). It nesting birds include Bonelli´s eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus) and the booted eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus). This Natural Site is also of geologic and petrologic interest.
Along with part of the Sierra de las Nieves, it is the most significant site to observe intrusive ultra-basic rocks associated with the Alpujarride units of the Inner Areas of the Betic Mountain Belts. Los Reales periodotite formation is one of the largest outcrops of ultra-basic rocks in the world and therefore of great scientific interest. Its peculiar geochemistry has made a decisive contribution to maintaining one of the most unique ecosystems in Andalusia, the "pinsapar" or Spanish fir ecosystem.
Carretera MA 8300 - Sierra Bermeja.
29690 Casares (Casares)
Web Sierra Bermeja
- Natural landscape
- Equipped with access for the disabled
- Equipped with interpretation centre